On August 20, 1866, President Johnson announced the end of the American Civil War: “And I continue to announce that this insurrection is over and that peace, order, calm and civil authority now exist in and throughout the United States of America.” The day after Lee`s surrender, the federal War Department was still trying to find out who was included in the terms of the agreement; His conditions had not yet been received in Washington. Were they all members of the Army of Northern Virginia or only those who were with Lee at the time of the surrender? After President Johnson accepted the new Texas Constitution – which granted limited civil rights to blacks but refused to ratify the 13th Amendment on the grounds that the abolition of slavery was already a federal law – national elections were held in June. On 9 August, conservative unionist James Webb Throckmorton was inaugurated as governor. (He would be removed from office the following year because of his opposition to reconstruction.) On August 20, 1866, in recognition of the new Texan government, Johnson was finally able to proclaim that “the insurgency in question is over and that peace, order, calm and civil authority now exist in and throughout the United States of America.” His proclamation may have meant that the civil war was finally over, but the rebuilding process has begun. Later in the summer, the president said the Texas uprising had been suppressed. The president acknowledged that “appropriate arrangements have been made by military injunctions to enforce the actions of Congress, assist civilian authorities and ensure obedience to the Constitution and laws of the United States in the State of Texas.” Sherman`s army marched towards Raleigh on April 10, when Johnston`s army withdrew in front of them. On April 11, Sherman de Lees reached surrender and informed his troops the next day. North Carolina Gov. Zebulon Vance sent officials on April 10 to begin peace talks with Sherman. These talks were interrupted a few days later, after the invasion of Raleigh by Union forces on 13 April.
The next day Johnston sent a letter proposing a suspension of operations to allow the civilian authorities to take steps to end the war. Sherman was convinced that his agreement with Johnston would end the war. In his letter to Grant or Halleck, Sherman argued that “if approved by the President of the United States, the agreement will create the Peace of the Potomac in the Rio Grande.” that the insurgency that existed until now in the State of Texas is over and that it must be considered in the future in that state as in the other states where the insurgency was declared to end with the aforementioned proclamation of April 2, 1866. And I announce that the insurgency in question is over and that peace, order, calm and civil authority now exist in and throughout the United States of America. Many in the Union regarded the Confederates as traitors who were personally responsible for this enormous loss of life and property. Lee`s own army had threatened the country`s capital and had to be repelled in some of the bloodiest battles of the war.