The Germans of Czechoslovakia (34% of the population of the territory of the present-day Czech Republic), known as Sudeten Germans, but also Carpathian Germans, were driven out of the Sudetenland, where they were the majority, from the linguistic enclaves in Central Bohemia and Moravia, as well as from the city of Prague. Conference participants discussed the content and procedures of peace agreements in Europe, but did not seek to draft peace agreements. This task has been entrusted to a Council of Foreign Ministers. The main concerns of the Big Three, their foreign ministers and their collaborators were the direct management of defeated Germany, the delimitation of Poland`s borders, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union`s role in Eastern Europe, the determination of reparations and the continuation of the war against Japan. Potsdam lacked apathy and goodwill, which had largely marked previous war conferences, because each nation was most affected by its own interest, and Churchill was especially wary of Stalin`s motivations and uncompromising position. In the statement of the Potsdam conference on Germany, it is stated: “The intention of the Allies is to enable the German people to prepare for a possible reconstruction of their lives on a democratic and peaceful basis.” The four areas of occupation of Germany, designed at the Yalta conference, were created, each to be managed by the commander-in-chief of the Soviet, British, American or French occupation army. Berlin, Vienna and Austria were also divided into four zones of occupation. An allied supervisory board, made up of representatives of the four allies, should deal with issues relating to Germany and Austria as a whole. Their policy was dictated by the “five Ds” decided in Yalta: demilitarization, denatalization, democratization, decentralization and deindustrialization.
Each Allied power had to seize repairs to its own areas of occupation, while the Soviet Union was allowed 10 to 15 percent of industrial equipment in western Germany in exchange for agricultural and other natural products in its area. At the end of the conference, the three heads of government agreed on the following measures. All other issues should be resolved before the final peace conference, which should be convened as soon as possible. Remember, you still have to learn what was decided (or was not decided!) The Yalta conference granted France an area of occupation within Germany. France participated in the Berlin Declaration and is expected to be a member of the Allied Control Council on an equal footing. However, at the request of the Americans, Charles de Gaulle was not invited to Potsdam, as he had been denied representation in Yalta. The little diplomatic thing was for him a cause of deep and persistent resentment.  The reasons for this omission were the long-standing personal antagonism between Roosevelt and de Gaulle, the continuing quarrels over the French and American zones of occupation, and the expected conflicts of interest over French Indochina.
 It also reflected the British and American judgment that the French objectives on many of the conference agenda were probably at odds with the agreed Anglo-American objectives.  The leaders decided that the Allied Control Council in Germany would address the issue, prioritizing the equal distribution of Germans between the zones of occupation. The representatives of the Supervisory Board should report to their governments and any zonal administration on the number of people already entering Germany from Eastern countries.  These representatives would also assess the future pace of transfers and focus on Germany`s absorption capacity.